TY - JOUR
T1 - The dynamics of faulting
JF - Transactions of the Edinburgh Geological Society
JO - Transactions of the Edinburgh Geological Society
SP - 387
LP - 402
M3 - 10.1144/transed.8.3.387
VL - 8
IS - 3
AU - Anderson, E.M.
Y1 - 1905/01/01
UR - http://trned.lyellcollection.org/content/8/3/387.abstract
N2 - It has been known for long that faults arrange themselves naturally into different classes, which have originated under different conditions of pressure in the rock mass. The object of the present paper is to show a little more clearly the connection between any system of faults and the system of forces which gave rise to it. It can be shown mathematically that any system of forces, acting within a rock which for the time being is in equilibrium, resolves itself at any particular point into three pressures or tensions (or both combined), acting across three planes which are at right angles to one another. Across these particular planes there is no tangential stress, but there will be tangential stress at that point across any other plane which may be drawn through it. There will evidently be positions of this hypothetical plane for which the tangential stress will be a maximum. It is evident that these maximum positions of the plane will have much to do with determining the directions of faults in the rock. We will therefore take the general case and investigate what the positions are. Suppose O to be any point in a rock, and let the three directions along which the pressures or tensions act (the directions perpendicular to the three planes mentioned above) be OX, OY, OZ. Let the pressures, or tensions, acting along these three directions be P, Q, R, which we will suppose positive when they denote pressures, and negative when they denote tensions.
ER -